Declaration of the Charter for Dignity and Rights

Declaration of the Charter for Dignity and Rights

Founding document presented to the National Coordination
Body for Democratic Change in Syria

Damascus, September 17, 2011

The internal opposition (National Coordination Body for Democratic Change) were gathered in congress in Damascus, Syria last September 17. A large number of historic opposition figures came together with youth representatives from the popular uprising. The overthrow of the corrupt, authoritarian regime was called for from inside the country by stating three nos: “No violence, no sectarianism and no foreign interventions.” Two founding documents were discussed at the congress: A political program for the fight to overthrow the regime and a charter of constitutional principles that sets out the vision for tomorrow’s Syria. This charter forms the basis of a national consensus on the country’s future and a platform for the union of opposition forces.

The uprising/revolution in Syria is a watershed moment in the history of Syrian society and the Syrian State. As with all the revolutions of the “Arab Spring”, it represents a qualitative leap, a human message and a set of universal values that are the common denominator of the aspirations of the Syrian people and the vindication of the sacrifice of its martyrs.

 

From the “Sahifa” constitution drafted by the Prophet when he arrived in Medina, to the Human Rights declarations of the modern era, charters, agreements and contracts have established the rules by which citizens in a country govern their lives together. Their contents are necessary and vital milestones, particularly during periods of change, transition and construction. Society, in all its component parts, uses these rules as points of reference. They are also the foundations for a state to defend fundamental freedoms and safeguard its sovereignty. These rules are immutable, regardless of the electoral, political or social majority. These rules are inalienable and indivisible.

These rights, freedoms and rules, whether civic, political, economic, social, cultural or environmental, consecrate the freedom and inherent human dignity that Syrians are striving for in their endeavours to build a new republic.

We, the undersigned individuals or communities, undertake to work towards the creation of a new republican regime, based on the following principles that we adopt as the objective of the peaceful youth revolution:

  • The Syrian people are free and sovereign over their land and state, which constitute a single, indivisible political entity. The people cannot surrender an inch of their territory, which includes the Golan Heights. The people have every right to fight and recover the occupied territories by any means possible.

  • The people are the source of all legitimacy and sovereignty, which are exercised through a democratic, civic and plural republican regime based on institutions and the rule of law. There is no monopoly on or inheritance of power in any form.

  • The Syrian State is founded on the principle of complete equality between its citizens, and of their rights and obligations. More specifically, there is complete equality between men and women, without any discrimination by race, colour, gender, language, ethnicity, political opinion, religion or religious denomination. Specifically, this equality is inspired by the founding motto of the first republic: “Religion is for God, the Fatherland is for everyone.”

  • The Syrian State guarantees respect of social diversity, beliefs, interests and particularities of all Syrian people. It recognises the cultural and political rights of all its constituents in their aspirations for development and protection. It considers them all to be integral and major parts of the unified body of the Syrian people.

  • The Syrian State guarantees respect for civil liberties, including freedom of information and the freedom to be informed, the formation of civil associations, trade unions and political parties, freedom of conscience and religion and the freedom to peacefully demonstrate and strike. The State establishes rules to protect these freedoms against the hegemony of financial or political power.

  • The State undertakes to respect international conventions regarding Human Rights, and social and economic rights, and to guarantee that each citizen or resident can exercise his/her rights.

  • Syria is an integral part of the Arab Nation. The country seeks to deepen all forms of cooperation with the other Arab countries. The Syrian State, however, shall respect the cultural and social aspirations of all other national identities that make up the Syrian people: Kurd, Assyrian, Armenian, Circassian, Turkmen, etc.

  • The Syrian people pledge to support the Palestinian people and their right to establish a free, sovereign and independent State, with Jerusalem as its capital. The Syrian people also pledge to support all other Arab peoples in their aspirations of freedom and to defeat authoritarianism.

  • The Syrian people are linked to the other Muslim peoples by common historical roots and human values derived from divine messages. Furthermore, the Syrian State wishes to establish close collaboration with Turkey and Iran in order to create a regional alliance that plays a major role.

  • The Syrian State is founded on a strict separation of executive, legislative and judiciary powers and the principle of the rotation of power through free elections via secret ballot.

  • The Syrian army is the guarantor of national sovereignty, dignity and civil liberties. It is one of the pillars of the State and the crucible for national unity. It safeguards national security and constitutional principles but cannot interfere in the political aspects of the country.

  • A new constitution must lay the foundations of a pluralistic democracy and an electoral system. These systems must ensure the right to representation in the legislative power of all categories of the Syrian people in all regions of the country. They also guarantee the right of existence for all political persuasions and thought, without the hegemony of one in particular, in line with rules ensuring the stability of the parliamentary regime and the rotation of the majority by ballot. The systems also accurately regulate political parties’ resources and financial expenditures.

  • The President of the Republic is the guarantor of the constitution, national security and the separation of powers. The President will be elected by direct voting for a maximum of two four-year terms of office.

  • The Prime Minister is designated from the parliamentary majority. He is responsible for the executive power and accountable to the people as represented by parliament. Each minister has complete freedom to lead his ministry within the framework of the ministerial declaration submitted to parliament for approval.

  • Local administration is founded on elected institutions and institutions with executive power that manage citizen affairs and development in governorates or regions. The local executive administration is accountable to elected local officials. The local governor only acts as the representative of the Head of State.

  • The State protects private property, which can only be seized in the public interest and for fair compensation. Property cannot be seized for the benefit of private interests.

  • The State safeguards public funds and goods for the benefit of the people. Policies are based on social justice, fair and sustainable development and the redistribution, via the tax system, of income and wealth between different social categories and between the governorates and regions. The State also guarantees the freedom of investments and markets, in accordance with anti-monopoly and anti-speculation rules. The State is the guarantor of worker and consumer rights.

  • The State is committed to fighting all forms of poverty and unemployment, with the objective of full employment and decent, dignified jobs. It also pledges to ensure that, at prices and under conditions appropriate to the level of income, all citizens have access to basic public services: housing and national land-use planning; drinking water and wastewater treatment; electricity, telephone and internet; roads and public transport; quality education and training; general health care; retirement pensions and unemployment benefits.

التصنيفات : English topics

الكاتب:syr2015

صوت المعارضة السورية الصادق

لا توجد تعليقات حتى الأن.

اترك تعليقا بدون أية روابط

إملأ الحقول أدناه بالمعلومات المناسبة أو إضغط على إحدى الأيقونات لتسجيل الدخول:

شعار ووردبريس.كوم

أنت تعلق بإستخدام حساب WordPress.com. تسجيل خروج   /  تغيير )

صورة تويتر

أنت تعلق بإستخدام حساب Twitter. تسجيل خروج   /  تغيير )

Facebook photo

أنت تعلق بإستخدام حساب Facebook. تسجيل خروج   /  تغيير )

Connecting to %s

هذا الموقع يستخدم خدمة أكيسميت للتقليل من البريد المزعجة. اعرف المزيد عن كيفية التعامل مع بيانات التعليقات الخاصة بك processed.

%d مدونون معجبون بهذه: